Small brown birds mostly belong to the sparrow families, however, there could be a large number of birds around the world with brown and white feathers. Also, there are some birds commonly confused with male or female House Sparrows. Here is the list of amazing small brown birds in the world.
Small Brown Birds
1.American Tree Sparrow
The American tree sparrow is also known as the winter sparrow is a small bird that belongs to the family of New World sparrow. It can grow upto a length of 5.5 in (14 cm) with a total wingspan of 9.4 in (24 cm). The avarage wieght of the species is 0.5-1.0 oz (13-28 g). The breeding habitat of these birds include tundra or the northern limits of the boreal forest in Alaska and northern Canada but the nest is made on the ground. The diet includes seeds and insects, but also eat some berries. Young are fed mostly insects.
Image Source: Kelly Colgan Azar
Carolina Wren is a bird species of wren mostly seen in the regions of the United States of America, the extreme south of Ontario, Canada and northeast of Mexico. Carolina wren is the state bird of South Carolina and prefers to thrive in forest, farm edges and suburban areas. The bird species was first described by was first described under the name of Sylvia ludoviciana by John Latham in 1790. It can grow upto 12.5 to 14 cm (4.9 to 5.5 in) along with a total wingspan of 29 cm (11 in). The avarage wieght of the bird species is 18 to 23 g (0.63 to 0.81 oz). The avarage lifespan of the bird species is upto 9 years old. The diest includes many insects such as caterpillars, beetles, true bugs, grasshoppers, crickets, and many others.
Cassin’s Finch is one of the small brown birds that belong to the finch family known as Fringillidae. It can grow upto 6.3 in (16 cm) with a total wingspan of 9.8-10.6 in (25-27 cm). The avarage wieght of the bird species is 0.8-1.2 oz (24-34 g). The breeding range of the bird species includes mountains of western North America as far south as northern New Mexico and Arizona. It is also seen in the region of Southern California near Baja California. The bird has been named after John Cassin who is the curator at the Philadelphia Academy of Natural Sciences and popular as birds with red on the head. It feeds in small flocks and its diet includes seeds, buds and berries, some insects.
Chipping Sparrow is a passerine bird in the family Passerellidae. It is mostly seen in the regions of the North American range. It can grow upto 4.7-5.9 in (12-15 cm) with a total wingspan of 8.3 in (21 cm). The varage wieght of the bird species is 0.4-0.6 oz (11-16 g). The primary diet includes seeds but during the breeding season, it has been seen eating insects. It loves to thrive in-ground but also seen in the shrubs and low trees. It prefers nesting in the conifer but can be in a deciduous tree or sometimes on the ground. Both parents feed the nestlings and the young leave the nest about 8-12 days after hatching.
Cowbirds are one of the small brown birds that belong to the genus Molothrus and the family Icteridae. They have a shorter tail and thicker head than most other blackbirds. Male is a little larger than females. Adult male species can grow upto a length of 7.5-8.7 in (19-22 cm) with a total wingspan of 14.2 in (36 cm). The avarage wieght of the male cowbird is 1.5-1.8 oz (42-50 g). The adult female can grow upto a length of 6.3-7.9 in (16-20 cm) with a total wingspan of 15.0-12.6 in (38-32 cm). The varage wieght of the bird species is 1.3-1.6 oz (38-45 g). They have a glossy black plumage and a rich brown head that often looks black in poor lighting or at distance. The bird loves to thrive in fields, pastures, meadows, forest edges, and lawns. Brown-headed Cowbird is one of the beautiful birds of Iowa.
The House Wren is a small brown bird that belongs to family the wren family. It is seen breeding in the regions of Canada to southernmost South America and hence it is scattered across America. It can grow upto 11 to 13 cm (4.3 to 5.1 in) in length with a total wingspan of 15 cm (5.9 in). The varage wieght of the bird species is 10 to 12 g (0.35 to 0.42 oz). It prefers to thrive in suburbs, orchards, woodlots, open forest, streamside groves, mountain pine-oak woods, and many others. The diest includes a variety of insects, including beetles, true bugs, grasshoppers, crickets, caterpillars, moths, flies, and many others. The male species is responsible for defending its territory by singing.
7.Eurasian Tree Sparrow
Eurasian Tree Sparrow is a passerine bird that belongs to the sparrow family. It is popular for its unique black patch on each pure white cheek. It prefers to thrive in open habitats, woodland edges, towns, farms and many places. The egg of the species is white to greyish white and also marked with brown colour. The incubation period is for 13-14 days and both parents will take care of the young one and later young will leave the nest after 12-14 days of hatching. One pair of adults may raise 2 or 3 broods per year. The diet mostly includes seeds and insects and also eats other types of insects, especially in summer. The varage lifespan of the bird species is 3 years in the wild.
Harris’s Sparrow is the largest sparrow in North America. Talking about the appearance, It has a black crown, chin, and upper breast along with grey cheeks and a clear white belly. It prefers to thrive in boreal forests, where the northern forest and tundra meet. The diet includes mostly plant matters that include seeds, berries, flowers, and spruce needles. The male species is responsible for defending its territory and attracts a mate by singing. The varage lifespan of Harris’s Sparrow is 11 years in the wild.
Image Source: Wikimedia
Song Sparrow is one of the beautiful small brown birds that belong to the New World sparrow family. It is seen in every state of the Union and Canadian province and hence considered as one of the widespread sparrow native to North America. As of now, 31 recognized subspecies of the Song Sparrow has been identified. The oldest known song sparrow has been identified as over 11 years old. It prefers nesting under grassy tufts on the ground or lows in a bush or shrubbery. The primary diet includes insects and seeds that include beetles, grasshoppers, caterpillars, ants, wasps, and many others, also spiders. In winters they feed on grasses and weeds. The avarage lifespan of the bird species is 11 years and 4 months, though many song sparrows probably die within their first year of life.
White-crowned Sparrow is also a passerine bird native to North America. The bird species belongs to a member of the New World sparrow family and it is popular for its grey face and black and white streaking on the upper head. It prefers to thrive in brushy areas in the taiga and tundra and also the Rocky Mountains of the Pacific coast. Talking about the appearance, It has a black and white stripe on its head along with a grey face and a long tail. The wings are brown in colour along with bars and the underparts are grey. It can grow upto 5.9-6.3 in (15-16 cm) in length with a total wingspan of 8.3-9.4 in (21-24 cm). The avarage wieght of the bird species is 0.9-1.0 oz (25-28 g). The oldest known White-crowned Sparrow was 13 years, 4 months old. The primary diet includes seeds of weeds and grasses.
Image Source: Wikimedia
These are the beautiful small brown birds in the world. Kindly share and do post your comments.